Gardening in South Florida

July Garden Calendar in South Florida
Bedding plants: Summer annuals to plant now include celosia, coleus, torenia, and ornamental pepper. See: Gardening with Annuals in Florida (
Bulbs: Butterfly lily and gladiolus are bulbs that can be planted during the middle of summer. See: Bulbs for Florida (


Herbs: While summer is too hot to start herbs from seeds, many, such as oregano and mint, do well if started from small plants. See: Herbs in the Florida Garden (

Vegetables: Start seeds now to transplant later into the fall vegetable garden. Some to try include tomato and eggplant. See: Starting the Garden with Transplants (

Palms: Continue planting palms while the rainy season is in full swing. Support large palms with braces for 6–8 months after planting. Do not drive nails directly into a palm trunk. See: Ornamental Palms for South Florida ( and Transplanting Palms in the Landscape (

Figure 7. Oranges
Credit: UF/IFAS Photo by Thomas Wright
[Click thumbnail to enlarge.]

What to Do

Trees: Prepare for hurricane season by checking trees for damaged or weak branches and pruning if needed. Hire an ISA-certified arborist. See: International Society of Arboriculture (, Developing a Preventative Pruning Program: Young Trees (, and Developing a Preventative Pruning Program: Mature Trees (

Lawns: Determine the cause of any lawn problems before taking action. If an insect is the culprit, treat only the affected area. Rule out disease or sprinkler malfunction. See: Insect Management in Your Florida Lawn (

Vegetable garden: Use summer heat to solarize the vegetable garden for fall planting. It takes 4–6 weeks to kill weeds, disease, and nematodes, so start now. See: Introduction to Soil Solarization ( and Managing Nematodes for the Non-Commercial Vegetable Garden (

Irrigation: Install an inexpensive rain shutoff device to save money by overriding an irrigation system when it rains. If one is already installed, check that it is operating properly. See: Residential Irrigation System Rainfall Irrigation Shutoff Devices (

Pests on ornamental plants: Inspect the leaves of ornamental plants for small white dots that may indicate lace bugs at work. Spray forcefully with water to help control this pest. See: Lace Bugs on Ornamental Plants (

Tropical fruit trees: Check for damage to fruit or leaves and take action to minimize the effect of insects and/or disease on developing fruit or the overall health of the tree. See: Citrus Problems in the Home Landscape ( and Pesticides Registered for Tropical Fruit Crops in Florida (

Comment on this post